glorot_normal(dtype: Dtype = mlx.core.float32) Callable[[array, float], array]#

A Glorot normal initializer.

This initializer samples from a normal distribution with a standard deviation computed from the number of input (fan_in) and output (fan_out) units according to:

\[\sigma = \gamma \sqrt{\frac{2.0}{\text{fan\_in} + \text{fan\_out}}}\]

For more details see the original reference: Understanding the difficulty of training deep feedforward neural networks


dtype (Dtype, optional) – The data type of the array. Default: float32.


An initializer that returns an array with the same shape as the input, filled with samples from the Glorot normal distribution.

Return type:

Callable[[array, float], array]


>>> init_fn = nn.init.glorot_normal()
>>> init_fn(mx.zeros((2, 2)))
array([[0.191107, 1.61278],
       [-0.150594, -0.363207]], dtype=float32)
>>> init_fn(mx.zeros((2, 2)), gain=4.0)
array([[1.89613, -4.53947],
       [4.48095, 0.995016]], dtype=float32)